Top 5 Medications for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders among children, and it also manifests among adults. Those who develop the disorder show symptoms of impulsive and active behaviors, trouble paying attention, and sleep disturbances.

The treatment for this disorder usually recommends behavior therapy and medication. How can you know which medicine is perfect for your child with numerous drugs on the market? Well, this page is the answer! Of course, always check with your doctor before taking any medication. With that said, this page covers the top five medications used to treat ADHD symptoms.

Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate

Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate or vyvanse is a stimulant medication used to stimulate the brain to get the necessary neurotransmitters running in the brain. This medication is used once per day, and it’s perfect for ages 6-12, adolescents up to adults. It isn’t a narcotic, but sadly, individuals can abuse it since it’s a federally controlled substance, so be careful when using the drug.

Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate aids ADHD patients by improving their focus and decreasing their hyperactivity and impulsivity. The medication has been around since 2007; it’s FDA approved, so you can trust this medication to treat the disorder’s symptoms.

Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate is an amphetamine-based central nervous system. It means that it can last for 10 to 14 hours. It is metabolized in the body to become active. Thus, the side effects are less harsh as compared to other medications. It also has lower risks, which makes the medicine the top 1 in this list. 

Adderall XR

Adderall XR is taken once daily, typically in the morning. It’s used to treat ADHD patients aged 6 to 12, adolescents, and even adults. It is an amphetamine and a federally controlled substance. Medications like these are the first choices to treat symptoms of the disorder since they can improve it for about 70-80% of individuals. 

It may improve symptoms of inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactive behavior. It’s a time-released stimulant. Thus, you can feel the symptoms alleviate within an hour of ingesting the medication. 

It was first used to treat ADHD patients in 1937 and has established its efficacy and safety until today. A fun fact about the medication is that it was initially developed to treat narcolepsy. Although, avoid using the medicine to treat sleep-related problems without instructions and a prescription from your physician. 


Concerta or Methylphenidate HCI ER is a central nervous system stimulant to treat ADHD symptoms among ages 6 to 65. The medicine can help improve patients’ inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactive behavior symptoms. According to the DSM-5, these three symptoms are supposed to be met to be considered that you have the disorder (among other things). 

The “best dosage” for the medicine depends on the patient’s needs. Ask your psychiatrist about this and tell them your symptoms so that the dosage would be accurately perfect for someone with your symptoms. However, the FDA guidance for intaking this medication for children and adolescents is 54mg daily and 72mg for adults.


Evekeo’s generic name is ‘amphetamine sulfate.’ It’s an immediate-release medication that acts for a short period. It can treat ADHD among ages 3-12, adolescents, and adults! It can treat the three hallmark symptoms of the disorder like the others on this list, but it can also treat emotionality. 

Be sure to read the instructions and medicine guide of your Evekeo medicine so that it can update you with new information. Of course, you should always consult your doctor if you have concerns. 


Methylphenidate hydrochloride or Ritalin is also used to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder among the ages of 6 to 65. Its purpose is to alleviate the hallmark of ADHD symptoms. It contains the same active ingredient as Concerta and Daytrana; and has a response rate of 70%. Additionally, Ritalin is also approved to treat narcolepsy.

How Stimulants Treat the Symptoms of ADHD

As mentioned above, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurological disorder that commonly develops in children. It results from a deficiency of neurotransmitters in specific areas of the brain. Neurotransmitters are essential chemicals that enable humans to function regularly. 

The common neurotransmitters that are often inadequate among individuals with ADHD are norepinephrine and dopamine. The medicine acts as a stimulant to produce more of these neurotransmitters and help alleviate the symptoms of ADHD.

In Conclusion

Along with medication and therapy, you should constantly closely monitor your symptoms, give updates to your psychologists or psychiatrists, and make changes if medicines have adverse side effects. You can use a notebook and note every sign following the treatment to conduct a trial-and-error process.

Picking that perfect medicine requires a thorough check on your medical history, genetics, experienced side effects, and metabolism. You cannot just go to the store and pick any medicine for something with this disorder. Always remember that it’s your body, your decision. So to remedy your symptoms and, eventually, your condition, be consistent with intaking your medications and going to therapy.

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