What are the infant development stages? It is a trending question people ask most.
What do you think? Is it normal for them to make mistakes in language? Piaget’s theory explains very well the different stages of a child’s development.
In this article we will tell you all the things about kids.
Theory of Piaget- Baby Development Month by Month
Piaget’s theory: Stages of development in children
Piaget is one of the best known psychologists in history thanks to his discoveries on childhood and the development of intelligence in children.
He dedicated his life to studying the different stages of development and understanding how our patterns of learning, thinking, and cognitive development change.
This article explains Piaget’s theory and describes the different stages of the child’s development.
Theory of Piaget- Baby Development After Birth
According to Piaget’s theory
Children go through different stages specific to their intellect and their ability to perceive mature relationships.
These different stages of infant development are the same for all children, whatever their origin or culture.
Only age can sometimes vary from one child to another.
It is common that very young children do not show empathy. Instead, they have egocentric thoughts
The child “learns to think”, that is to say, to interact with the world around him.
This is natural cognitive development. This presupposes a series of evolutionary changes in the child’s life.
The different stages of which can be distinguished during childhood, from birth to pre-adolescence.
These stages, during which children develop their cognitive abilities, are currently divided according to “Piaget’s stages of development”.
What is Piaget’s theory?
Jean Piaget (Swiss psychologist and biologist) has done many studies on childhood. According to him, childhood is divided into different stages.
Piaget’s theory explains the different stages of infantile development according to age.
The stages of Piaget are a set of determinative facts in the process of human development that appears temporally, following each other.
Thus, the type of language used by children can be differentiated for each age group: stammering, invented words, speaking in the third person by referring to oneself, and so on.
It is the same for the type of thought (egocentric thoughts, where everything revolves around what the child sees and believes),
Or for physical skills (use of reflexes, crawling, walking, running).
According to Piaget’s theory, this cognitive development appears continuously and gradually, around an approximate age.
In Piaget’s theory, does each stage of the child’s development take place at a specific moment?
No, the stages do not necessarily appear at a specific moment. However, we can say that there are periods during which it is more likely and normal that certain cognitive abilities develop.
It is easier to learn a defined skill at the age that normally suits it.
For the acquisition of language, for example, the first words are learned in the first year, but the language is not well developed before the age of about seven years (vocabulary still very small, which will increase as the years).
Stages of cognitive development of the child according to Piaget’s theory- Growth and development of infant
Piaget offers four stages of child development:
- The sensorimotor stage (0-2 years old children)
- Preoperative stage (children 2-7 years old)
- The concrete operations stage (children from 7 to 11 years old)
- The stage formal operations (children and adolescents from 11 years to approximately 19 years).
1- Infant Development Stages: Sensorimotor stage (children 0-2 years)
This stage of development in children is characterized by the child’s understanding of the world, coordinating sensory experiences with physical actions. At this stage, development proceeds from innate reflexes.
It is known that at this age, the child prefers colorful stimulations, which shine and move.
The child builds his schemas by trying to repeat
An event with his own body, for example, making noise by tapping on a toy, throwing an object, pulling the blanket to catch an object on it, etc.
At this age, children repeat actions at random, experimenting through their own bodies.
The baby’s first contact with the language
The first time a baby comes into contact with the language is in the womb of his mother, during the months of gestation.
When he hears and becomes familiar with the voice of his parents. Research shows that in the first days of life, babies prefer the sounds of a human voice to any other sound.
It is surprising how much they are already
Used to the language since from birth the baby has the exceptional ability to distinguish between noise and language.
In addition, investigations by Casper and Spence demonstrate how children feel particularly attracted by the sound of their mother’s voice.
Which they recognize even more quickly than the voice of a stranger.
How to communicate with children from 0 to 2 years arrive around 12 months.
It should also be noted that, contrary to popular belief, bilingualism in childhood does not delay the acquisition of language in childhood.
2- Infant Development Stages: Preoperative stage/
physical development 1-3 years
Two years is the age of what is called the terrible twos, or two-year crisis.
It is also at this age that the second stage of development of Piaget’s theory begins. From the age of 3, an important event occurs in a child’s life:
schooling (infant education). This includes a very important social aspect.
- The child begins to relate to other children of his age, whereas until then, his relationship was only with other family members.
How do children from 2 to 7 years communicate?
Although between 3 and 7 years old there is a huge increase in vocabulary.
Children in early childhood think egocentrically, which means that the child thinks according to their individual experiences.
So their thoughts are still quite static, intuitive and lacking in logic. This is why it is quite common for a six-year-old child to make mistakes in interpreting an event or expressing it.
Speaking in the third person by referring to oneself is quite normal at this age because the child does not yet fully understand the concept of the “me” that separates him from the rest of the world.
- Between 2 and 7 years, old children are very curious and have a great desire to discover and acquire knowledge, so they will ask their parents “why?” About almost everything.
- In this stage, children attribute their human feelings or thoughts to objects. This phenomenon is known as animism.
Each of these limitations of the preoperative stage will be exceeded after 6 or 7 years at the next stage of cognitive development and will consolidate to 14 or 15 years.
3- Infant Development Stages: A
stage of the concrete operations (children of 7-11 years)
In this penultimate stage of Piaget’s theory, children begin to use logical thinking only in concrete situations.
In this stage, children are able to perform tasks of a more complex level using logic, as for example to perform mathematical operations.
On the other hand, although they have progressed considerably in relation to their pre-logical period.
In the childhood stage of cognitive development, they can apply logic only with certain limitations:
the here and the now seem easier to them. They are not yet able to use abstract thinking, that is to say that applying their knowledge on a theme they do not know is still complicated.
4- Infant Development Stages: A stage of formal operations (children and adolescents aged 11 and over)
This last stage is already characterized by the acquisition of logical reasoning in all circumstances, including abstract reasoning.
The novelty of this last stage in relation to the intelligence of the child is, as Piaget points out, the possibility that they now have to produce hypotheses on a subject that they do not know concretely.
Here begins learning as a “whole”, not in stages as in previous stages.
Theory of Piaget
Stage of infantile development of Piaget’s theory
Delay in the development of my child, should you worry?
TDA-H CogniFit test – Baby development stages month by month
At first, patience, it is true that there are sensitive periods for the acquisition of language, just as for other skills (motor, cognitive, reading, et).
But according to Piaget’s theory, we must not forget that everything is a continuous process, which progresses little by little and that any child can delay a little more to learn something.
Or be a little more premature. Although this is only a summary of Piaget’s theory and its different stages of child development.
It must be said that these data are approximate in relation to age, in order to get an idea.
Sometimes some children take a little longer to acquire a skill and then develop without any difficulty.
On other occasions, for example at the time of schooling, if after a good time has passed the child still has problems in communicating with others.
And that is reflected in the fact that he has difficulties to play with them, to learn to evolve, to acquire new knowledge.
Or that it does things in a way very different from other children, it is advisable to take him to see a specialist (a psychologist at school or outside, and a pediatrician so he can guide you).
Finally, if the child has no problem or pathology and still has more delays than others in some areas, then it will stimulate it at home and at school with the help you need.
Find out how to take care of a child’s brain. But this should not make you panic if your child is a little late, or has temporary difficulties at one time or another, or if its development does not exactly match that of Piaget’s theory.
This does not mean that later on your child will have problems developing cognitive skills, with help and the necessary efforts, anything is possible.
Remember that a 3-year-old child does not know how to lie (from here, we can say that children always tell the truth)
This one can only give us a little bit of his way of seeing the world, from his own point of view.
So, we must try to understand that they are not adults, that they are learning and developing in a world in which they become more and more independent.
And that since their birth they are advancing at a pace of giants and go through each stage to learn something new, and that we as adults.
We must learn as much as possible about their world to help them move forward and overcome all obstacles.
Piaget’s theory, in addition to explaining the different stages of the child’s development in a very complete
Also describes the magic of children, with their egocentric thinking, their curiosity about the world around them and their innocence.